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      歡迎來到原中小學教育資源網!

      無題八歲偷照鏡翻譯賞析

      古籍 時間:2019-07-04 我要投稿
      【www.51cxty.com - 古籍】

        《無題·八歲偷照鏡》作者為唐朝詩人李商隱。其古詩全文如下:

        八歲偷照鏡,長眉已能畫。

        十歲去踏青,芙蓉作裙衩。

        十二學彈箏,銀甲不曾卸。

        十四藏六親,懸知猶未嫁。

        十五泣春風,背面秋千下。

        【前言】

        《無題二首》是唐代詩人李商隱創作的組詩作品,第一首為五言古詩,第二首為五言律詩。第一首寫的是一位聰明早慧的姑娘。從詩的內容看,詩人對少女的觀察是細致入微的。從她八歲開始“偷照鏡”寫起,直到待字閨中,這么長一段生活經歷,寫得栩栩如生,呼之欲出。

        【注釋】

        ⑴偷:指羞澀,怕人看見。

        ⑵長眉:古以纖長之眉為美,《古今注》:“魏宮人好畫長眉。”

        ⑶踏青:《月令粹編》引《秦中歲時記》:“上巳賜宴曲江,都人士于江頭禊飲,踐踏青草,謂之踏青履。”

        ⑷芙蓉:荷花。《離騷》:“集芙蓉以為裳。”裙衩:下端開口的衣裙。

        ⑸箏:樂器,十三弦。

        ⑹銀甲:銀制假指甲,彈箏用具。

        ⑺六親:本指最親密的親屬,這里指男性親屬。

        ⑻懸知:猜想。

        ⑼泣春風:在春風中哭泣,怕春天的消逝。

        ⑽背面:背著女伴。秋千下:女伴在高興地打秋千。

        【翻譯】

        八歲小姑娘喜歡偷偷地照鏡子,已能把自己的眉毛畫成長眉了。十歲到野外踏青,想象著荷花做自己的衣裙,十二歲開始學彈箏,套在手指上的銀甲一直沒脫下來。十四歲時,要避免見到男性,連最親的人也不能見。這時她可能在猜想何時出嫁吧。十五歲時,她背對著秋千,在春風中哭泣,怕春天的消逝。

        【鑒賞】

        這首詩以少女懷春之幽怨苦悶,喻少年才士渴求仕進遇合之心情。這位少女八歲猶存愛美之心。古以長眉為美,所謂“青黛點眉眉細長”,猶為唐人入時裝扮。十歲時就有了高潔的情操,郊外春游,知道縫綴荷花制成下裳。作者化用了屈原《離騷》語句:“制芰荷以為衣兮,集芙蓉以為裳。不吾知其亦已兮,茍余情其信芳。”即是說,裁剪荷葉制成綠色的上衣,縫綴荷花再把它制成下裳。沒有人了解我也毫不在乎,只要我內心情感確實芬芳。

        十二歲學藝刻苦,學彈秦箏,所用的銀爪從不曾取下。十四歲懷春羞澀,藏于深閣,回避關系最親的男性戚屬,“懸知”,表現了女子半是希望半是擔憂的待嫁心理。十五歲無處說相思,古時女子十五歲許嫁,詩中女主人公前途未卜,憂傷煩悶,又無處說相思,更無心為秋千之戲,這還不夠,作者善作情語,讓少女獨自對面春風而泣,何等情思。

        從此詩的描述看,這位詩中的姑娘也許是詩人初戀對象,因為只有青梅竹馬的異性,才可能有如此近距離的觀察,才寫得出如此動人心弦的詩。可惜父母未能如其愿,姑娘在“泣春風”,也是詩人在嘆息。“十五泣春風”正是寫出了詩人與姑娘的這段戀愛,沒有結果,從此要勞燕分飛,天各一方了。

        有專家研究此詩是自喻少負才華、渴望參與社會政治生活而又憂慮前途,證據是詩人在《樊南甲集序》中曾自稱:“樊南生十六能著《才論》、《圣論》,以古文出諸公間。”近人韋然超認為,這是詩人在十六歲時因初戀對象之父母未能同意他們這段婚姻,而寫下的這首詩,不能明題,故稱“無題”。而且在其后的眾多“無題”詩中有相當數量還是在寫他的這段無果初戀。可見這位姑娘在詩人心中的地位,盡管此后詩人結婚生子,與夫人感情深篤,但這段初戀卻深深地埋藏心底,時時以“無題”作詩念之。

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