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      歡迎來到原中小學教育資源網!

      《離亭賦得折楊柳二首其一》翻譯賞析

      古籍 時間:2019-07-04 我要投稿
      【www.51cxty.com - 古籍】

        《離亭賦得折楊柳二首其一》作者為唐朝詩人李商隱。其古詩全文如下:

        暫憑尊酒送無憀,莫損愁眉與細腰。

        人世死前唯有別,春風爭擬惜長條。

        【前言】

        《離亭賦得折楊柳二首》是唐代詩人李商隱創作的七言絕句組詩作品。第一首借言惜柳而寫惜別之意。

        【注釋】

        ⑴離亭:離別的釋亭,即釋站,是離別處。賦得折楊柳:賦詩來詠折柳送別。《折楊柳》是曲子名。

        ⑵送:遣散。無憀:即無聊,無所依賴,指愁苦。

        ⑶愁眉與細腰:柳葉比眉,柳枝的柔軟比腰,有雙關意。

        ⑷爭擬:怎擬,即不擬,即為了惜別,不想愛惜柳條。

        【翻譯】

        暫且借著這杯酒遣散無聊,不要損壞了你的愁眉與細腰。人世間除了死亡沒有比得上離別更痛苦了,春風不因為愛惜柳枝而不讓離苦之人去攀著。

        【鑒賞】

        這兩首詩與杜牧《贈別》主題相同,即和心愛的姑娘分別時的離別之作,但寫法各別。離亭指分別時所在之地,亭即驛站。賦得某某,是古人詩題中的習慣用語,即為某物或某事而作詩之意。詩人在即將分別的驛站之中,寫詩來詠嘆折柳送別這一由來已久但仍然吸引人的風俗,以表達惜別之情。

        第一首起句寫雙方當時的心緒。彼此相愛,卻活生生地拆散了,當然感到無聊,但又勢在必別,無可奈何,所以只好暫時憑借杯酒,以驅散離愁別緒。次句寫行者對居者的安慰:“既然事已至此,不能挽回,那又有什么辦法呢?所希望于你的,就是好好保重身體。你本來已是眉愁腰細的了,哪里還再經得起損傷?”這句先作一反跌,使得情緒放松一下,正是為了下半首把它更緊張起來。

        第三句是一句驚心動魄的話。除了死亡,沒有什么比分別更令人痛苦。這句話是判斷,是議論,然而又是沉痛的抒情。第四句緊承第三句,針對第二句。既然如此,即使春風有情,不能因為愛惜長長的柳條,而不讓那些滿懷著“人世死前惟有別”的痛苦的人們去盡量攀折。這一句的“惜”字,與第二句的“損”字互相呼照。因為愁眉細腰,既是正面形容這位姑娘,又與楊柳雙關,以柳葉比美女之眉,柳身比美女之腰,乃是古典詩歌中的傳統比喻。莫損也有莫折之意在內。

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